The Nitrocan® family

Targeted nutrition and a high yield in agriculture require a sufficient supply of both forms of Nitrogen to crops.

During the early stages of development, the plants show a preference for Ammoniac Nitrogen and they absorb more of it, synthesizing amino acids and proteins, which are necessary for germination and a smooth entrance into the reproductive phase. During the later stages, Nitric Nitrogen becomes most important, as it is metabolized on the above-ground part of the plant and feeds the fast growth of the leafy surface and the fruits.

Nitrocan® have been developed so as to gradually supply the plants with immediately available and fully absorbable forms of Nitrogen. They combine in a balanced way (50 : 50) the fast action of Nitric Nitrogen and the prolonged availability of Ammoniac Nitrogen, and they cover excellently both the immediate and the medium-term needs of the crops.

Their special composition guarantees the maximum utilization of nutrients by the plants, reduces losses from vaporization, and allows for a year-round flexible fertilizing scheduling.

Rich in Calcium, they protect the soil from the acidity that longtime use of Nitrogenous fertilizers brings, they promote its fertility, and they ensure the healthy growth of plants.

The immediate and prolonged action of Nitrocan®, as well as their particular technical characteristics, increase the efficiency of fertilizing and make them fit for covering the needs of all crops in all types of soil.

Nitrocan 26, Nitrocan special

Nitrogen

Nitrogen, Water, Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen are fundamental nutrients for life in general and every living being in nature. In the case of plants, Nitrogen is more involved than any other nutrient in the formation of the plant body and the vital functions of development and production. As a component of chlorophyll, it is involved in the process of photosynthesis and the production of carbohydrates, which form the base of the food chain and the only reason why humans developed agriculture. As a structural element of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids, Nitrogen has a pivotal role in energy conversions, plant reproduction throughout time, and in the growth and yield of crops.

Lack of Nitrogen leads to reduced fertility of soil, stunted growth, premature decay of plants, reduced production, and deterioration of quality.

Its overabundance favors the production of plants which are vulnerable to diseases and environmental conditions, delays florescence, reduces fruit set, delays maturity, and harms production.

Sufficiency and rational handling of Nitrogen are the most important factors for the health and productivity of crops in contemporary agriculture.

Sources of Nitrogen for plants

Nitrogen is the most abundant atmospheric gas and it occupies 78% of the total volume of the atmosphere. It ranges from 0.05 to 0.4% on the surface layer of the ground and it is found nearly in its entirety in organic form. Despite the fact that crops develop in an environment with an abundance of Nitrogen, plants – with the exception of legumes – cannot absorb and utilize atmospheric Nitrogen. They also lack the capacity to utilize the organic Nitrogen in the soil unless it has already been broken down and converted to absorbable forms. This is why lack of Nitrogen is the most common nutritional deficiency in crops and the main factor that prevents achieving high yields. A rational handling of Nitrogen and sufficient supply of it in crops has been a basic pursuit of agricultural practice throughout time, has been a catalyst in the development of cropping systems, and is directly linked to the development of agriculture from antiquity to this day.

Absorption

Plants absorb the Nitrogen in the soil in Nitric (ΝΟ3-Ν) form and in Ammoniac (ΝΗ4-Ν) form.

Ammoniac Nitrogen forms a firm connection with the soil and is absorbed by the roots of plants as they grow and come in contact with soil particles. Nitric Nitrogen moves freely in the soil, approaches the roots, and is absorbed by plants through the water in the soil. It is fundamentally important that both forms of Nitrogen are present in the soil for crops to have a healthy development, for increased yield, and for a better production quality.